What Are The 6 Major Factors That Affect Climate?

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?

These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

The global climate system and any changes that occur within it also influence local climate..

What are the 4 factors that cause climate?

Here are some of the many factors that can cause the Earth’s climate to get hotter or colder:Strength of the sun. … Changes in the Earth’s orbit. … Changes in the orientation of the Earth’s axis of rotation. … Quantity of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. … Carbon dioxide content of the oceans.More items…

How do winds affect climate?

Prevailing winds bring air from one type of climate to another. For example, warm winds that travel over water tend to collect moisture as they travel; the water vapor in the air will condense as it moves into colder climates, which is why temperate coastal areas often receive heavy rainfall.

What type of climate is India?

India hosts two climatic subtypes- tropical monsoon climate, tropical wet and dry climate that fall under this group. 1) The most humid is the tropical wet climate—also known as tropical monsoon climate—that covers a strip of southwestern lowlands abutting the Malabar Coast, the Western Ghats, and southern Assam.

What are the factors that affect the climate?

3.1 Factors affecting climatedistance from the sea.ocean currents.direction of prevailing winds.shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)distance from the equator.the El Niño phenomenon.

What are the factors affecting the climate of India?

Latitude, attitude, pressure and winds are factors that influence the India’s climate. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country from the Rann of Kuchchh in the west to Mizoram in the east. India lies in the region of north easterly winds.

Where is the highest rainfall in the world?

Mawsynram receives over 10,000 millimeters of rain in an average year, and the vast majority of the rain it gets falls during the monsoon months. A comparison of rainfalls for Cherrapunji and Mawsynram for some years is given in Table 1. Mawsynram receives the highest rainfall in India.

What are the causes and effect of climate change?

Causes of climate change Global warming is caused by the greenhouse effect, a natural process by which the atmosphere retains some of the Sun’s heat, allowing the Earth to maintain the necessary conditions to host life. Without the greenhouse effect, the average temperature of the planet would be -180C.

Which two factors have the greatest effect on climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.

What are the factors affecting climate Class 9?

The Elements of Climate and Weather are same, which are: Temperature. Atmospheric Pressure. Wind….The Climatic conditions of any place depend on the following common factors:Latitude.Altitude.Distance from the sea.Pressure and wind systems.Ocean Currents.Relief Features.

What is climate in geography class 9?

Download CBSE Notes Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 – Climate PDF. … The elements of weather and climate are the same, i.e. temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity and precipitation. On the basis of the monthly atmospheric conditions, the year is divided into seasons such as: Winter.

How does latitude affect the climate?

1. Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. In areas closer to the poles, sunlight has a larger area of atmosphere to pass through and the sun is at a lower angle in the sky.

What are the climatic controls?

The factors affecting the climate of a place are referred to as controls and are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents, and relief features. … The variations in air temperature control the pressure and wind system of a place.

What is the main cause of climate change?

Anthropogenic causes of climate change Humans—more specifically, the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions we generate—are the leading cause of the earth’s rapidly changing climate. … The burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil, and gas for electricity, heat, and transportation is the primary source of human-generated emissions.